Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
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Trade Control

Overview

1. Purpose of the Policy

The Trade Control Policy is implemented for the purpose of enabling proper development of foreign trade, and maintaining peace and safety in Japan as well as in the international community by exercising the minimum necessary control or coordination measures over free trade, while quickly and accurately taking into consideration regulation needs in internal and external policies pertaining to border control and consistency with internal conditions and appropriate measures regarding collateral, and establishing a proper trade control system.

2. Overview/Background of the Policy

It is a general rule that international trade should be free, but when taking into consideration national security, the safety and security of thepeople, and the environment, it is necessary to exercise the minimum necessary control and coordination measures at the border.
There has been, in particular, increasing concern regarding the development, usage, and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction(WMDs) by international terrorist organizations since the 9.11 attacks in 2001. Furthermore, in view of increasing international awareness over environmental issues, it is necessary for Japan to continue ongoing appropriate measures in trade control.
There is also an increasing need for trade remedy measures in the United States, Europe and Asia.  Japan also needs to appropriately execute its trade control policy in adherence with international rules with regard to unfair trade by other countries such as export dumping, and as FTA/EPA negotiations accelerate, there are increasing calls for the formulation and implementation of a system to issue certificates of origin.

In order to handle such issues, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry exercises the following policies.

(1)   Trade Control based on the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law

Exercise of proper trade control by way of appropriate implementation of measures that are in compliance with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law, such as screening for import/export permission and approval, and on-site inspection and disposal of illegal exports. Policy also undergoes continuous updates.
Furthermore, Japan actively exchanges information with other countries, and collects information concerning the situation of circumventing exports to countries of concern and relevant  sensitive technology  that  may be targeted for circumventing export , in order to increase effectiveness in trade control.
Japan also acknowledges the importance in cooperating with other countries in introducing an export control systems, and is conducting outreach activities for government officials and industries in Asian countries to increase awareness. And the Government also reviews the export control system and  items of export control  in accordance with other countries, by participating in the international export control regimes. .

(2)  Appropriate Implementation of Trade Remedies

The Government prevents unfair damage to its industry and maintains a fair trade environment by appropriately exercising trade remedy measures in compliance with WTO Agreements and the Customs Tariff Act.  It also researches and analyzes laws, guidelines, specific cases, and duty imposition processes.

(3)  Appropriate Maintenance of Internal Rules pertaining to Certificates of Origin

The Government adjusts and thoroughly establishes internal procedures in issuing certificates of origin.

Press Releases and Related Information

【Act Amendment】
Partial Revision of the Export Trade Control Order (July 22, 2014)
Partial Revisions of Japan’s Foreign Exchange Order and Export Trade Control Order (September 10, 2013)
Partial Revision of Japan’s Export Trade Control Order (July 13, 2012)
Cabinet Order to Partially Amend the Export Trade Control Order (December 20, 2011)
Revision of Foreign Exchange Order and Export Trade Control Order (May 13, 2011)
Cabinet Order on Partial Revision of the Export Trade Control Order (June 18, 2010)
【Sanctions】
Addition and Removal of Taliban-associated Entities and Others Subject to Asset-freezing Measures(December 11, 2013)
Addition and Removal of Taliban-associated Entities and Others Subject to Asset-freezing Measures(October 2, 2013)
Asset-Freezing Measures against Entities and Individuals Involved in North Korea’s Nuclear, Other WMD and Ballistic Missile Development Programs(August 30, 2013)
Removal of Taliban-associated Entities, Terrorists and Others Subject to Asset-freezing Measures(July 3, 2013)
Addition and Removal of Taliban-associated Entities, Terrorists and Others Subject to Asset-freezing Measures(May 24, 2013)
Extension of Ban on Imports from and Exports to North Korea, pursuant to the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act(April 5, 2013)
Entities and Individuals Subject to Asset-freezing Measures against Those Involved in North Korea’s Nuclear, other WMD, and Ballistic Missile Development Programs(April 5, 2013)
Addition of Individuals and Entities Subject to Asset-Freezing Measures against Those Involved in Iran's Proliferation-Sensitive Nuclear Activities(February 27, 2013)
Addition of Individuals and Entities Subject to Asset-Freezing Measures, as Violators of the Arms Embargo on the Democratic Republic of the Congo(February 26, 2013)
Additional Entities and Individuals Subject to Asset-freezing Measures against Those Involved in North Korea’s Nuclear, other WMD, and Ballistic Missile Development Programs(February 6, 2013)
Addition of a Taliban-associated Entity Subject to Asset-freezing Measures(January 29, 2013)

Archives

【Administrative Sanction】
Administrative Sanction (Export Ban) pursuant to the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act (August 19, 2013)
Administrative Sanction (Export Ban) pursuant to the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act (June 26, 2012)
Administrative Sanction (Export Ban) Pursuant to the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act (June 8, 2012)
Administrative Sanction (Export Ban) pursuant to the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act (June 8, 2012)
Administrative Sanction (Export Ban) Pursuant to the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act (June 1, 2012)

Archives

【Warning】
Warning against Companies in Violation of the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act (February 27, 2012)
【Others】
The Three Principles on Transfer of Defense Equipment and Technology (April 1, 2014)
Review of the End User List (April 1, 2014)
The 21st Asian Export Control Seminar was Held (March 3, 2014)
The 20th Asian Export Control Seminar was Held (February 28, 2013)
Revision of the List of “Items Highly Likely to be Used for the Development, etc., of Nuclear Weapons as well as Other Items”  (August 13, 2012)
Review of End User List  (August 1, 2012)
End User List  (December 9, 2011)
Result of the 19th Asian Export Control Seminar (February 16, 2012) (in Japanese)

Resources

Contact Point

Trade Control Policy Division, Trade and Economic Cooperation Bureau
For inquiries regarding issues other than Security Export Control
 + 81 3-3501-0538

Security Export Control Policy Division, Trade and Economic Cooperation Bureau
For inquiries regarding Security Export Control issues
 + 81 3-3501-2800

 
Last updated:2014-07-28
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8901, Japan Tel: +81-(0)3-3501-1511
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