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Joint Press Release with the Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsRevised Report on the Results of the 2012 Economic Census for Business Activity Released- New results for “tabulations for continued, newly-started and closed businesses,” “statistics for each type of management (retail trade),” and “tabulations for construction, medical, health care and welfare, school education, and services.” -

In February 2011, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) conducted the Economic Census for Business Activity for the first time. The ministries publicized the revised reports on the results of the census in August and November 2013, concerning those on tabulations across industries as well as on tabulations for individual industries. They hereby publicize other results of the revised report on the above mentioned tabulations.

The new tabulations include: the state of newly-started and closed businesses, annual sales of goods of the retail trade industry for each type of management, amount of completed work in the construction sector, sales of school education by school type, amount of income in the medical, health care and welfare sector for each type of establishment, annual sales for goods rental and lease in the goods rental and leasing industry, and the number of employees engaged in eating and drinking services for 8 hours a day or equivalent, e.g., for part-time workers.

Under the Japan Revitalization Strategy, this census provides important basic data to ascertain the actual state of the Japanese industry, contributing to the efforts to revitalize Japan’s monodzukuri (manufacturing) industry and foster the service industry with high added value. The data is expected to be utilized in a variety of fields in the future.

1. Outline of the census

The new tabulations include those for the following:

1) Tabulations across industries (state of newly-started and closed business)

There were 442,562 newly started establishments and 1,118,443 closed establishments from 2009 to 2012.*

Looking at the new establishments, the number was the largest for “wholesale and retail trade,” at 77,761 (27.0% of all industries), followed by “accommodation, eating and drinking services,” at 67,102 (23.3%), and “medical and health care and welfare,” at 31,421 (10.9%).

Looking at the closed establishments, the number was the largest for “wholesale and retail trade,” at 259,274 (27.3%), followed by “accommodation, eating and drinking services,” at 165,072 (17.4%), and “construction,” at 85,670 (9.0%).

*Note: The term “new establishments” refers to entities that were newly established after July 2, 2009, among those that already existed as of February 1, 2012. The term “closed establishments” refers to those that were not identified during the 2012 census, among those surveyed in the 2009 census.

2) Tabulations for individual industries

[i] Retail trade

The total annual sales of goods per establishment in the retail trade industry were 141.14 million yen, up by 19.2% from those in 2007.*

As for each type of management, the number was the largest for “department stores,” at 24.07008 billion yen, down by 14.7%, followed by “general merchandise supermarkets,” at 4.74379 billion yen, up by 1.0%, and “large-scale home appliance retail stores,” at 23.9164 billion yen, up by 1.6%.

*Note: The total annual sales of goods per establishment in the retail trade sector were the results of comparison with the revised tabulations by recalculating the results of the 2007 Census of Commerce based on the definitions of types of management in 2012.

[ii] Construction

Looking at the amounts of completed work in the construction sector, the number was largest for “building work, not including wooden building work,” at 17.3539 trillion yen, followed by “general civil engineering work,” at 10.8774 trillion yen, and “civil engineering work, except paving work,” at 10.7676 trillion yen.

[iii] School education

As for the ratios of the sales for type of schools in the higher education sector, “universities” accounted for 85.6%, followed by “upper secondary schools” at 5.5% and “junior colleges” at 2.7%.

[iv] Medical, health care and welfare

As for the ratios of the amounts of income for type of establishments in the general hospital industry, “income from medical services” accounted for 96.3%, followed by “income from nursing care services” at 3.0%, “income from public health and hygiene” at 0.5%, and “income from social welfare” at 0.3%.

[v] Services

The annual sales for goods rental in the goods rental and leasing industry were 2.2689 trillion yen, of which the number was the largest for “construction machinery rental,” at 703.4 billion yen. The annual sales for goods lease in the industry were 5.780 trillion yen, of which the number was the largest for “general goods leasing,” at 2.6413 trillion yen.

Looking at the number of employees engaged in eating and drinking services for 8 hours a day or equivalent, e.g., for part-time workers, the number was the largest for “eating places, except specialty restaurants” at 195,000, followed by “food take out services,” at 160,000, and “Japanese restaurants,” at 134,000.

2. Details of the Economic Census for Business Activity

The Economic Census for Business Activity is a statistical survey created with the aim of clarifying the actual conditions of business activities of establishments and enterprises in all industrial fields in Japan, on a nationwide and regional basis, as well as obtaining information on the population that contributes to accuracy improvement of various statistical surveys of establishments and enterprises.

3. Details of the revised report on the tabulations across industries (compiling basic and detailed data)

The ministries publicized the reports on tabulations across industries in August and November 2013. As examining the results of the new tabulations released today, they classified industries in more specific industrial categories. In line with such classification, they revised the results of the surveys that were already publicized. For such revised figures, see the following Appendix(PDF:216KB) PDF File (in Japanese).

4. Announcement of the website

The results for the 2012 census are downloadable from the following website:
http://www.e-stat.go.jp/SG1/estat/NewListE.do?tid=000001056219external link

This is the final publication of all the compiled results of the 2012 census. The ministries are deeply grateful to entities for answering the survey questionnaires as well as to those who were involved in and supported the surveys.

Release Date

February 26, 2014

Division in Charge

Structural Statistics Office, Research and Statistics Department, Minister’s Secretariat

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8901, Japan Tel: +81-(0)3-3501-1511
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