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Small and Medium Enterprise AgencySummary of the 2013 Basic Survey on Small and Medium Enterprises (Preliminary Report)

The Small and Medium Enterprise Agency compiled a preliminary report of the 2013 Basic Survey on Small and Medium Enterprises (performance results are based on FY2012 closing accounts), and hereby releases the results.

Outline of the survey

  • A cross-industry survey to collect financial and management information of small and medium enterprises
  • Small and medium enterprises from the following eleven industries participated in the survey: construction; manufacturing; information and communications; freight and postal; wholesale; retail; real-estate and goods leasing; academic research, specialized services, and technical services; accommodation and food services; living-related and personal services, and entertainment; and other services (n.e.c.).
  • The survey method used was a sampling survey in which about 110,000 small and medium enterprises (target enterprises) were chosen at random from the target population of businesses and enterprises registered on the database.
  • Survey results have been estimated from the 57,257 valid responses (the valid response rate was 49.5 %).

Preliminary report overview

  • A total of 29.42 million people were employed by small and medium enterprises, up by 3.5% from the previous year, while total sales were 459 trillion yen, down by 2.6% from the previous year, and total ordinary profits were 15.0882 trillion yen, down by 0.6% from the previous year.
  • The number of employees by industrial classification increased from the previous year in seven industries, including freight and postal (up by 13.3%) and manufacturing (up by 7.9%), while those decreased in four industries, including information and communications (down by 2.3%).
  • Ordinary profit margins to sales of incorporated enterprises increased by 2.58%, up by 0.20 percentage points from the previous year's survey results.
  • The ratio of incorporated enterprises that have subsidiaries, affiliated companies or business establishments overseas was 0.7%, a decrease by 0.3 percentage points compared to the previous year's survey results.
  • The ratio of incorporated enterprises that conduct research and development of new products or new technology was 1.9%, a decrease by 0.2 percentage points from the previous year.
  • The ratio of incorporated enterprises that possess patent, utility model, design or trademark rights was 3.7%.

For details of the results, see the Appendix(PDF:556KB) PDF File (in Japanese).

Release Date

March 27, 2014

Division in Charge

Research Office, Policy Planning Division, Business Environment Department, Small and Medium Enterprise Agency

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8901, Japan Tel: +81-(0)3-3501-1511
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