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Panel on Business Strategy of Automated Driving Compiled a Report, "Action Plan for realize the Automated Driving"

The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) jointly established the Panel on Business Strategy of Automated Driving, and discussions in industry-academia-government collaboration have been held to consider measures necessary for securing Japan's competitiveness in the field of Automated Driving systems and contributing to reducing traffic accidents and solving various other related problems around the world.

Based on the results of the discussions at panel meetings and at working groups formed under the panel, a report titled "Action Plan for Realize the Automated Driving" was compiled.

1. Background and purpose

This panel was established with the aim of holding discussions in industry-academia-government collaboration concerning measures necessary for ensuring that the Japanese automobile industry, including suppliers, leads the world in the field of Automated Driving systems, which is expected to continue to develop in the future, and that Japan actively contributes to solving various societal problems, such as the reduction of traffic accidents.

Through the discussions, issues requiring all-out efforts in industry-academia-government collaboration were identified, and in the last fiscal year, the panel (i) clarified the ideal future vision for Automated Driving of general cars on public expressways, (ii) identified areas requiring cooperative initiatives, (iii) developed a system to strategically respond to the creation of international rules (criteria and standards), (iv) discussed methods of further promoting industry-academia collaboration, and publicized a report titled "Next Action Plan " (March 2016).

This fiscal year, the panel and working groups have continuously made efforts to clarify the ideal vision for Automated Driving of general cars on public roads and discussed further exploration of the areas which were identified as those requiring cooperative initiatives. This report is a compilation of the findings of these discussions titled "Action Plan for realize the Automated Driving."

2. Outline of the Action Plan for realize the Automated Driving

* Levels of Automated Driving are based on the definition of the six stages (L0 to L5) determined by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).

(1) Future Automated Driving (Levels 2, 3 and 4) of general cars

The future vision for these vehicles is clarified separately for expressways and general roads, and for privately owned cars and business cars.
Development should be promoted both in terms of technologies and commercialization, beginning with simple scenarios and advancing to more complicated scenarios, with the aim of achieving the highest level in the world in this field.

Private cars

  • Level 2 should be achieved for self-driving on expressways by 2020.
  • On public roads, Level 2 should be achieved for straight driving on national public roads and major local roads by around 2020, and the reach and scope of Automated Driving should be increased (such as increasing the number of roads on which self-driving is permitted and allowing turns) through 2025.

Cars for business use

  • Level 4 should be achieved in certain areas by around 2020 and the approved range and use areas should be expanded sequentially.

(2) Strategic separation of competitive areas from cooperative areas in developing Automated Driving technologies (policies)

It is important to identify areas where each company may face difficulties in terms of resources and technologies if development is carried out independently, and to strategically facilitate industry-academia-government collaboration for those areas. Software engineering, who will play the central role in the development, were added to the core priorities, and maps for Automated Driving and the schedules of progress including schedules related to security were reviewed.

Nine Priorities

Maps / Information and Communication infrastructure / Recognition technology / Pass planning technology / Ergonomics / Safety (Functional Safety, etc.) / Security / Human resource of Software engineering / Social Acceptance

(3) Demonstration projects

Projects on Automated Driving systems, which are expected to be completed between 2020 and 2030, are to be promoted.

Driving in an array
Last mile Automated Driving system
Fully automatic parking

(4) Strategic initiatives concerning rules (criteria and standards)

  • Initiatives should be promoted utilizing the Institute for Automated and Connected Vehicle Standardization, Japan as a platform for collaboration concerning criteria and standards.
  • The Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc. presented strategic standardization areas and priorities. Efforts for securing resources, including personnel and capital, are being accelerated.

(5) Promotion of industry-academia collaboration

  • It is necessary to promote collaboration with universities that have diverse human resources.
  • Discussions were launched with the aim of developing a system in academia which will take charge of research in cooperative areas.
  • With the aim of expanding the scale of joint research, the "Guidelines for Strengthening Joint Research in Industry-Academia-Government Collaboration" were presented.

Appendices

Release date

March 14, 2017

Division in Charge

Electric Vehicle, Advanced Technology and ITS Promotion Office, Automobile Division, Manufacturing Industries Bureau

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8901, Japan Tel: +81-(0)3-3501-1511
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