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Report on the Results of the 2016 Economic Census for Business Activity Concerning the Manufacturing Industry Compiled (Summary Report)

On June 1, 2016, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) conducted the 2016 Economic Census for Business Activity as a statistical survey designed to ascertain accounting items, e.g. sales (income) and expenses, relating to all industries in Japan at the same point in time. METI hereby announces that the ministries compiled the survey results concerning the manufacturing industry into a summary report.

The results of this census uncover the current state of the Japanese manufacturing industry, taking into consideration the recovery from the damage caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake, by comparing current data with the results of the 2012 Economic Census for Business Activity.* The results of the census are expected to be utilized as basic data in a variety of fields to ascertain the current state of the manufacturing industry in Japan.

*Note:The first survey was conducted in 2012 setting February 1 as the closing date. This survey adopted an aggregation method that is partly different from the method in the 2016 census, e.g., concerning the period of the survey and approaches to accounting items concerning consumption taxes. Note these differences in comparing figures between the surveys. The first survey is hereinafter referred to as the “2012 Census.”

1. Outline of the results of the 2016 Economic Census for Business Activity

As an extract from the entire results of the 2016 Economic Census for Business Activity, this summary report focuses on the results concerning the manufacturing industry.

Reference: Outline of the census

  • The Economic Census for Business Activity aims to uncover the current states of economic activities across Japan and by region, targeting all establishments and companies. The 2016 census is the second such census.
  • The preliminary report on the 2016 census results concerning all industries was first released on May 31, 2017.

2. Outline of the summary report

(1)Nationwide status (for establishments with four or more employees in the manufacturing industry)

As of June 1, 2016, the number of such establishments was 217,601 (down by 6.7% from the 2012 Census), while the number of employees was 7,497,792 (up by 0.3% from the 2012 Census). In 2016, the product shipment value of the establishments was 313.1286 trillion yen (up by 9.9% from the 2012 Census), while the added value was 98.028 trillion yen (up by 7.1% from the 2012 Census).

As for the breakdown of the product shipment value by sector, manufacture of transportation equipment accounts for 20.6%, representing the largest share in the manufacturing industry, followed by chemical products at 9.1% and manufacture of food at 9.0%. In addition, compared to the results in the 2012 Census, transportation equipment improved by 27.8%, chemical products by 8.6%, and manufacture of food by 16.4%. Meanwhile, looking at the added value by sector, manufacture of transportation equipment accounts at 18.4%, showing the largest share in the manufacturing industry, followed by chemical products at 10.8% and manufacture of food at 9.7%. In addition, compared to the results in the 2012 Census, transportation equipment improved by 28.3%, chemical products by 3.4%, and manufacture of food by 6.7%.

(2)Current state of three prefectures affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake (Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima Prefectures)

Compared to the results of the 2012 Census, the number of establishments (with four or more employees) shows an increase in Iwate Prefecture by 3.2% and Miyagi Prefecture by 9.7%, while a decrease is seen in Fukushima Prefecture by 0.4%. Meanwhile, the number of employees (for the establishments with four or more employees) shows an increase in Iwate by 4.2% and Miyagi by 8.6%, while Fukushima remains the same at 0.0%.

Compared to the results of the 2012 Census, the product shipment value of the establishments (with ten or more employees) shows an increase in all these prefectures: 24.1% in Iwate, 45.5% in Miyagi, and 13.8% in Fukushima, with an increase mainly seen in transportation equipment in Iwate, manufacture of petroleum and coal products in Miyagi, and chemical products in Fukushima. Meanwhile, the added value of the establishments (with ten or more employees) increased in all three prefectures: 28.5% in Iwate, 36.9% in Miyagi, and 19.1% in Fukushima, with improvement mainly in electronic parts, devices and electronic circuits in Iwate and Miyazaki, and chemical products in Fukushima.

3. Future schedule for data release

From December 2017, METI will sequentially release data concerning the mining and quarrying of stone and gravel, wholesale and retail trade, and other industries, including data by sector (approximately 1,500 sectors in the small classification), data on regional-based sales, the number of employees and industry-inherent characteristics, e.g., floor areas of shops in the wholesale and retail trade industry. In addition, as for data on the manufacturing industry, in December 2017, METI will also release the details of the tabulated results by: sector (546 sectors in the small classification), item (approximately 1,800 items), and prefecture or municipality.

4. METI statistics website

Details of the census results, i.e., the summary of the results, statistics table (in an excel format) and coming schedules, are downloadable from the METI website below.

Release date

September 25, 2017

Division in Charge

Structural Statistics Office, Research and Statistics Department, Minister’s Secretariat

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8901, Japan Tel: +81-(0)3-3501-1511
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