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Preliminary Report of 2017 Basic Survey of Japanese Business Structure and Activities Compiled-The results based on the actual results for FY2016

The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) has been conducting a survey titled "METI Basic Survey of Japanese Business Structure and Activities" with the aim of clarifying how the management strategies of Japanese enterprises and industrial structures actually evolve, and also in order to obtain basic data to support administrative measures. The following is a summarized preliminary report of the 2017 survey (based on the actual results for FY2016).

Key points revealed through the survey, targeting 28,550 enterprises in total that have been categorized in target sectors for the survey, are as follows.

  • Sales per company decreased by 2.9% on a year-on-year basis, marking a decrease for three consecutive years, while operating profit per company increased by 1.5% on a year-on-year basis, marking a fifth consecutive annual increase.
  • Operating profit ratio per company reached record highs in the manufacturing and wholesale sectors since the survey began in FY1991.
  • The number of long-term contract employees per company decreased, despite marking the record high in the number of permanent full-time employees since the FY2006 survey for which comparable data exists.
  • The number of overseas subsidiaries per company marked a record high since the survey began in FY2003.

Summary of the results

1. Sales and profit conditions

(1)Sales per company in FY2016 were 23.04 billion yen, down by 2.9% on a year-on-year basis, a third consecutive annual decrease. Looking at the major sectors on a year-on-year basis, sales were 21.11 billion yen in the manufacturing sector, down by 3.9%; 36.76 billion yen in the wholesale sector, down by 1.7%; and 24.32 billion yen in the retail sector, down by 0.5%.

(2)Operating profit per company was 1.15 billion yen, up by 1.5% on a year-on-year basis, an increase for five consecutive years. Looking at the major sectors on a year-on-year basis, profit was 1.47 billion yen in the manufacturing sector, up by 2.4%; 950 million yen in the wholesale sector, up by 17.7%; and 730 million yen in the retail sector, down by 3.7%.

(3)Operating profit ratio per company was 5.0%, up by 0.2 percentage points on year-on-year basis. Looking at the major sectors on a year-on-year basis, the ratio was 7.0% for manufacturing companies, up by 0.5 percentage points, and 2.6% for wholesale companies, up by 0.5 percentage points, both of which marked new record values since the survey began in FY1991.

2. Employment conditions

The average number of long-term contract employees per company on a year-on-year basis was 499, down by 0.8%, while the number of permanent full-time employees was 319, up by 0.6%, marking a new record value since the FY2006 survey in which comparable data exists.

3. Manufacturing companies with ownership of subsidiaries and affiliated companies

(1)The ratios of manufacturing companies with ownership of subsidiaries on a year-on-year basis were 35.9% for domestic subsidies, up by 0.2 percentage points; and 27.7% for overseas subsidies, down by 0.1 percentage points.

(2)The average number of overseas subsidiaries per company for manufacturing companies was 8.2, marking a new record value since the survey began in FY2003.

Release date

February 2, 2018

Division in Charge

Enterprise Statistics Office, Research and Statistics Department, Minister's Secretariat

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8901, Japan Tel: +81-(0)3-3501-1511
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