METI
Font Size Change
S
M
L
Easy Web Browsing tool

Cabinet Decision on the Bill for the Act of Partial Revision of the Act on the Protection of the Ozone Layer through the Control of Specified Substances and Other Measures

The Cabinet approved the Bill for the Act of Partial Revision of the Act on the Protection of the Ozone Layer through the Control of Specified Substances and Other Measures. On March 6, 2018, the bill will be submitted to the ongoing 196th ordinary session of the Diet.

1. Purpose of the bill

In response to the adoption of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (hereinafter referred to as “the protocol”) in 1987, the protocol requiring member countries to reduce chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) that cause depletion of the ozone layer, Japan stipulated regulations under the Act on the Protection of the Ozone Layer through the Control of Specified Substances and Other Measures (Ozone Layer Protection Act) as domestic regulations to secure the protocol. Since then, Japan has been controlling the production and import of designated CFCs under the regulations and endeavoring to shift such CFCs to alternative ones that do not cause depletion of the ozone layer.

In October 2016, member countries adopted the revision of the protocol. The revised protocol requires countries to reduce the production and consumption amounts of alternative CFCs in light of the finding that such alternatives could be a cause of global warming.

The bill aims to take measures to control the production and import of alternative CFCs under the same framework as that of designated CFCs to secure the implementation of the revised protocol in Japan. Under the revised Ozone Layer Protection Act, Japan will accelerate the shift of alternative CFCs to green coolants, refrigerants that do not deplete or negatively impact the ozone layer.

2. Outline of the bill

Under the same framework as that of measures for controlling designated CFCs under the current Ozone Layer Protection Act, the revised Ozone Layer Protection Act is to stipulate the following measures:

  1. The Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry and the Minister of the Environment should define the upper limit of the production and consumption amounts of alternative CFCs that Japan should observe under the protocol and publicize it.
  2. Concerning the production and import of alternative CFCs,
    1. A person who intends to produce alternative CFCs is required to receive permission from the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry.
    2. A person who intends to import alternative CFCs is required to receive import approval from the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry under the regulations of the Export Trade Control Order.

3. Enforcement date

The enforcement date of the revised act is January 1, 2019, the same date on which the revised protocol will come into force in Japan. However, some regulations under the revised act will come into force on the date of promulgation.

Reference:

On February 23, 2018, the Cabinet approved that Japan should accept the revised protocol through the approval by the ongoing 196th ordinary session of the Diet.

Release date

March 6, 2018

Division in Charge

Fluoride Gases Management Office, Chemical Management Policy Division, Manufacturing Industries Bureau

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8901, Japan Tel: +81-(0)3-3501-1511
Copyright Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. All Rights Reserved.