June 28, 2018
The Japan Patent Office
The Japan Patent Office (JPO) compiled a Japan Patent Office Annual Report 2018. The report describes information on the current situation surrounding the intellectual property systems, future directions that Japan should take, domestic and overseas trends and analysis results, all of which are compiled into a report including recent statistical data, JPO initiatives and other efforts. The report also provides an opening article commemorating the 150th anniversary of the start of the Meiji Era.
1. Table of contents of the report
Opening article: History of Japan’s industrial property rights systems starting in the early Meiji Era
Part 1: Trends surrounding intellectual property
Chapter 1: Current status of application filing, registrations, examinations, appeals and trials inside and outside Japan
Chapter 2: Intellectual property activities in companies, etc.
Chapter 3: Intellectual property activities in SMEs and regions, etc.
Chapter 4: Intellectual property activities in universities, etc.
Chapter 5: Field-based application trends inside and outside Japan
Part 2: The JPO’s Initiatives
Chapter 1: Initiatives on patents
Chapter 2: Initiatives on designs
Chapter 3: Initiatives on trademarks
Chapter 4: Initiatives on trials and appeals
Chapter 5: Initiatives on enhancing information systems
Chapter 6: Support and policy measures for SMEs, venture businesses, regions, universities, etc.
Chapter 7: Support and policy measures for developing human resources
Chapter 8: New efforts for revising the industrial property rights systems
Part 3: International trends and the JPO’s initiatives therefor
Chapter 1: International trends of intellectual property rights systems
Chapter 2: Efforts for developing global environments for intellectual property
2. Website of the report
For the full text of the report, visit the JPO website:
3. Introduction of the opening article
2018 is a milestone year marking the 150th anniversary since the start of the Meiji Era in 1868. In commemoration, the report provides an opening article featuring Japan’s industrial property rights system started in the Meiji Era.
- Paving a way to designing Japan’s industrial property rights systems
Focusing on Mr. Korekiyo Takahasi, the first commissioner of the JPO, in particular, the article introduces the people who made extraordinary efforts for designing industrial property rights systems from the early to mid Meiji Era so as to compete in the international system of technology and ideas. These forefathers of today’s JPO sought many of the same goals that today’s leaders do, including how best to fill the technical gaps between Japan and overseas countries, and successfully introduce best practices and systems from abroad into Japan so as to spur economic growth.
- Applications registered for the first time under the patent, design and trademark systems inaugurated in Meiji Japan
The article describes three applications respectively registered for the first time in Japan under the patent, design and trademark systems inaugurated in the Meiji Era. These applications stimulate our imagination on the details of people’s lives and industries of that time.
Patent document granted for the first time
Drawing of the design registered for the first time
Trademark registered for the first time
- Introduction of the statistical information
The article provides an overview of the number of applications for patents, designs and trademarks, showing in the growth of these applications from Meiji to present day (see figures below; for 2017, see the right axis).
Changes in the number of patent applications (from the Meiji era to the present)
Changes in the number of design applications (from the Meiji era to the present)
Changes in the number of trademark applications (from the Meiji era to the present)
The main text of the report describes a variety of statistical information as below.
- Statistical information on companies’ activities for intellectual property in Japan (current situation of companies making use of their IP rights, expenditures for their IP activities, etc.),
- Ranking of companies by the number of registered applications for patents, designs and trademarks,
- Number of applications for patents, designs and trademarks filed by SMEs, etc.
Division in Charge
Policy Planning and Research Division, Policy Planning and Coordination Department, Japan Patent Office