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  5. Cabinet Decision on the Cabinet Order of Partial Revision of the Order for Enforcement of the Act on the Protection of the Ozone Layer through the Control and Other Measures on Specified Substances and Other Substances

Cabinet Decision on the Cabinet Order of Partial Revision of the Order for Enforcement of the Act on the Protection of the Ozone Layer through the Control and Other Measures on Specified Substances and Other Substances

August 7, 2018

On August 7, 2018, the Cabinet approved the Cabinet Order of Partial Revision of the Order for Enforcement of the Act on the Protection of the Ozone Layer through the Control and Other Measures on Specified Substances and Other Substances. This is an Order to stipulate the types of alternatives to specified substances with which manufacturing is newly regulated based on the Act to Partial Revision of the Act on the Protection of the Ozone Layer Through the Control of Specified Substances and Other Measures (Act No. 69 of 2018, hereinafter referred to as the “Revised Ozone Layer Protection Act”).

1. The Revised Ozone Layer Protection Act

Based on the Revision of the Montreal Protocol (hereinafter referred to as the “Kigali Revision”), the Revised Ozone Layer Protection Act specifies measures to be taken to protect the ozone layer while considering the potential impact on climate. These measures include the addition of “alternatives to specified substances” (Note 1) as substances that are subject to manufacturing regulation. The specific types of such alternatives are to be specified by Orders, according to the Kigali Revision.

 (Note 1) Alternatives to specified substances mean substances that replace specified substances (ozone-depleting substances) that seriously exacerbate global warming.

2. Outline of the Order

(1) Provision of alternatives to specified substances

It is provided that 18 types of Hydrofluorocarbon (Note 2), which are newly being obliged to achieve the reduction goals according to the Kigali Revision, are alternatives to specified substances. The global warming potential of each substance is also provided.

(Note 2) Hydrofluorocarbons are a compound of hydrogen, fluorine, and carbon. They are also referred to as alternatives for chlorofluorocarbons which make a strong contribution to the greenhouse effect..

(2) Changing the title of the Order

The title is changed from the “Order for Enforcement of the Act on the Protection of the Ozone Layer through the Control of Specified Substances and Other Measures” to the “Order for Enforcement of the Act on the Protection of the Ozone Layer through the Control and Other Measures on Specified Substances and Other Substances.”

3. Effective Date

The effective date of the Order is the date on which the Kigali Revision becomes effective in Japan (scheduled to be January 1, 2019). However, some parts of the provisions become effective on the date of promulgation.

Division in Charge

Fluoride Gases Management Office, Chemical Management Policy Division, Manufacturing Industries Bureau