Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
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Japan-Thailand EPA Entered into force on Nov. 1, 2007


Japan and Thailand started negotiations in February 2004 and reached a broad agreement in September 2005. The leaders of both countries signed the EPA on April 3, 2007, which entered into force in November 2007.

In accordance with the EPA, Thailand is, within 10 years, to eliminate tariffs on most mineral and industrial imports except for some automobile goods, while Japan is to implement a comprehensive elimination or reduction of tariffs on imports, including many agricultural products. Thailand declared that it would not enhance restrictions on investments in the manufacturing industry, while it would liberalize foreign investments in some services related to the manufacturing industry, such as repair and maintenance services and retail and wholesale services, in particular. As for the movement of natural persons, Japan and Thailand are currently holding talks on the acceptance of Thai spa therapists and care workers in Japan and the relaxation of conditions on Japanese people's stay and acquisition of work permits in Thailand.

Furthermore, Japan has been providing agricultural cooperation as well as industrial cooperation in automobiles, steel, and other industrial products. Although Thailand is Japan's largest trading partner in ASEAN, high tariffs were imposed on most exports from Japan to Thailand. Therefore, the benefits of tariff elimination upon the enforcement of the EPA are great. Also, Japan is the largest investing country in Thailand, where a large number of Japanese enterprises have conducted business (of all ASEAN-affiliated Japanese companies joining in Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry members, Thailand-affiliated Japanese companies are the largest in number as of 2010). Thailand serves as a core production base of Japanese companies in ASEAN.

The Sub-Committee on Improvement of Business Environment was established under the EPA in order to solve the business-related problems faced by Japanese companies in Thailand. The Sub-Committee has held three conferences by 2010, the results of which are beginning to bear fruit. From the viewpoints of the development of the business environment as a result of service liberalization and the development of investment rules, the EPA is providing great benefits.

Agreement and relevant documents


Refer to Annex 1 for the schedule of tariff reduction and elimination for each type of product. The schedule of the counterpart country is provided in English only.
Refer to Annex 2 for the rules of origin for each type of product.
Refer to Annex 6 for the list of foreign investment restrictions.

Document name PDF
Agreement between Japan and the Kingdom of Thailand for an Economic Partnership
Annex 1
Schedules in relation to Article 18
Annex 2
Product Specific Rules
Annex 3
Minimum Data Requirement for Certificate of Origin
Annex 4
Annex on Electrical Products
Annex 5
Schedules of Specific Commitments in relation to Article 77
Annex 6
Schedules in relation to Investment
Annex 7
Specific Commitments for the Movement of Natural Persons
A transparency list on trade in services as referred to in Article 82 of the Japan-Thailand Economic Partnership Agreement (English) [currently being updated]

Implementing Agreement

Document name PDF
Implementing Agreement between the Government of Japan ant the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand Pursuant to Article 12 of the Agreement between Japan and the Kingdom of Thailand for an Economic Partnership English

Operational Procedures

Document name PDF
Operational Procedures referred to in Chapter 2 (Trade in Goods) and Chapter 3 (Rules of Origin) English
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
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