経済産業省
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2000.11 APEC閣僚会合(ブルネイ)共同宣言(WTO部分)

Strengthening the Multilateral Trading System
  1. Ministers expressed their firm commitment to open regionalism and strong support for the primacy of the multilateral trading system. They agreed that the system should respond to the needs of the globalised economy of the 21st Century and that trade liberalisation under WTO rules is a dynamic force for accelerating growth and development. Ministers also agreed that better communication of the importance of the WTO in fostering growth in the global economy would broaden support for further trade liberalisation.

  2. Ministers reiterated their commitment to building the capacity of developing economies to implement WTO agreements and to more fully participate in the multilateral trading system. They endorsed the strategic APEC plan as a basis for concerted action to enhance capacity for full participation in the WTO and agreed on the importance of implementation as early as possible. They welcomed the fact that this strategic plan was tailored to offer specific programmes to respond to individual needs. They also decided that both developed and developing members would prioritize as appropriate the plan in the developmental programmes, and that priority should be given in allocating the APEC TILF fund to finance possible programmes in accordance with the established TILF approval process. Ministers also decided that members would pursue collaboration with relevant international organizations such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank in implementing this plan.

  3. Ministers reaffirmed their strong commitment to the launch of a new round of multilateral trade negotiations at the earliest opportunity. They agreed that the successful and expeditious launch of a new round requires an agenda that is balanced and sufficiently broad-based to respond to the interests and concerns of all WTO members. With this in mind, they called on delegations in Geneva to agree on an agenda in 2001 and urged all WTO members to muster the political will and exercise flexibility. Ministers also commended the confidence-building measures adopted in the WTO, including those on market access for least-developed countries and those addressing concerns over aspects of the implementation of WTO agreements. They committed to seriously address all issues relating to implementation.

  4. Ministers reaffirmed that the concerns of developing economies should be addressed through enhanced attention to the effective implementation of special and differential treatment and ongoing support for capacity building and technical assistance, so as to facilitate their ability to participate fully in the WTO.

  5. Ministers welcomed the commencement in Geneva of the mandated negotiations on agriculture and services. Acknowledging the agreement reached by Ministers in Auckland last year concerning the negotiations on agriculture and services, they encouraged meaningful progress in these areas.

  6. Ministers noted APEC’s expertise in the areas of services and supported efforts to use that expertise to add impetus to the negotiations. They agreed on the importance to business of continuing to advance trade facilitation measures, including through the work of WTO services bodies. Ministers also recognized the contribution economic and technical cooperation could make to the WTO services negotiations.

  7. Ministers urged all WTO members to contribute positively to the WTO preparatory work on industrial tariffs and other related areas, as part of the preparation for a new round, without prejudice to the overall agenda for negotiations.

  8. Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to the APEC-wide moratorium on the imposition of customs duties on electronic transmissions until the next WTO Ministerial Conference. They acknowledged the importance of avoiding unnecessary measures restricting the use and development of electronic commerce and called for the establishment of an ad hoc analytical taskforce in the WTO that would examine how WTO rules are relevant to the evolution of electronic commerce.

  9. Ministers noted the outcomes of the seminar that has been held in Peru to aid mutual understanding of investment and competition policy and welcomed the seminar to be held in the Philippines in November. They also noted APEC’s existing analytical work on these issues.

  10. Ministers also welcomed the offer by China to host a seminar on the implementation of TRIMS in September 2001

  11. Ministers welcomed the substantial progress that had been made in the WTO accession negotiations for China and urged the rapid completion of its accession negotiations. They also reiterated support for rapid accession to the WTO by Chinese Taipei and the advancement of the accession processes for Russia and Vietnam. Ministers supported an agreement that all acceding economies will participate in some capacity in a new round of WTO negotiations.

  12. Ministers noted the progress that has been made in compiling a database on existing sub-regional trade agreements and bilateral investment treaties.

  13. Ministers agreed that sub-regional and bilateral trade agreements should serve as building blocks for multilateral liberalisation in the WTO. They considered it essential that the existing and emerging sub-regional and bilateral trade agreements be consistent with WTO rules and disciplines. They believed that these agreements should be in line with APEC architecture and supportive of APEC goals and principles.

APEC首脳会合(ブルネイ)共同宣言全文
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