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2001.6 APEC貿易大臣会合(上海)議長声明(WTO部分)

Making Contribution to the Multilateral Trading System
  1. Firmly underlining APEC’s commitment to open regionalism, Ministers reaffirmed APEC’s strong support for an open, equitable, sound and rule-based multilateral trading system, from which all economies, developed and developing ones alike, stand to benefit. Ministers reaffirmed that APEC, as the world’s most dynamically growing region and accounting for nearly half of the world trade, has a special responsibility to exhibit leadership in the multilateral trading system. Ministers resolved that APEC should play a leading role in upholding the development of the multilateral trading system by demonstrating a strong political will. Ministers welcomed the presence of the Director General of the WTO Mr. Michael Moore in the meeting and his contribution to the discussions.

  2. Reaffirming the commitment of APEC Leaders and Ministers in Brunei to launch a new round of multilateral trade negotiations in 2001, Ministers agreed that the WTO Ministerial Conference to be held in November in Qatar presents a critical opportunity for the expeditious launch of the new round in 2001. Ministers recognized that the Geneva process should be pursued with urgency and strong political engagement. Ministers welcomed the positive signs in favor of launching the new round emerging recently in Geneva and committed to work closely towards initiating, maintaining and accelerating a vigorous momentum in Geneva in this regard. Ministers further expressed their determination to ensure the new round will be launched at the Qatar Conference.

  3. Recognizing that issues regarding agenda-setting for the new round of negotiations in the WTO should be primarily addressed in Geneva, Ministers agreed that it is imperative for the WTO members to enhance internal transparency to facilitate the equitable and effective participation of all members and to work out in advance a balanced and sufficiently broad-based agenda as early as possible, which should be achievable and reflect the interests and concerns of all members, especially those of the developing members. To this end, Ministers called on all parties concerned to demonstrate flexibility. Ministers further stressed the importance of working for continued progress in the ongoing WTO negotiations on agriculture and services, and of contributing to the WTO preparatory work on industrial tariffs and other related areas, without prejudice to the overall agenda for the negotiations. Ministers also emphasized that the focus of the new round should be trade-related issues, including existing WTO rules, and not duplicate the work of other international organizations.

  4. Ministers reaffirmed APEC’s determination on expediting the full and effective implementation of the WTO Uruguay Round agreements and commitments as well as the significance of enhancing capacity building for developing member economies, so as to build confidence among members for an early launch of the new round. Therefore, Ministers called for the WTO to give due consideration to the implementation of the Uruguay Round agreements and commitments when formulating the agenda of the new round.

  5. Ministers also agreed that APEC should demonstrate its support for the Qatar WTO Ministerial Conference by refraining from using measures to increase the levels of protectionism. To this end, Ministers reaffirmed their commitment to the APEC-wide moratorium on the imposition of customs duties on electronic transmissions until the Qatar WTO Ministerial Conference.

  6. Ministers reaffirmed that the concerns of developing economies should be addressed through enhanced attention to the full and effective implementation of special and differential treatment as well as ongoing efforts for capacity building and technical assistance so as to facilitate their full participation in the WTO. In this regard, Ministers welcomed the progress made on the implementation of the APEC Strategic Plan on Capacity Building, and endorsed a list of projects proposed by member economies. (The List of Projects is attached as Annex A). Recognizing that this is an area where APEC could contribute substantively to the early launch of a new round, Ministers instructed Senior Officials to accord priority to these capacity building projects. Ministers also urged their early implementation of the projects as well as stronger support on capacity building and technical assistance to facilitate full participation of developing economies in the multilateral trading system and the WTO new round of trade negotiations. Ministers affirmed the importance of involving bilateral development agencies, relevant regional and international organizations to improve coordination of capacity building work and leveraging resources. In this respect, Ministers welcomed the bilateral assistance from member economies which contributes to the implementation of the Strategic Plan and facilitates the participation of developing economies in the multilateral trading system and the new round of WTO negotiations, including the new initiatives from Japan and Canada in this regard.

  7. Ministers welcomed the substantial progress made in the negotiation on China’s accession to the WTO and urged for rapid completion of the process within 2001. Ministers also reiterated their support for the rapid accession of Chinese Taipei to the WTO, as well as the advancement of the accession process of Russia and Viet Nam to the WTO. Ministers supported the participation of all acceding economies in the new round of WTO negotiations.
APEC貿易大臣会合(上海)議長声明全文はこちら(APEC事務局へのリンク)

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