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Agency for Natural Resources and Energy ANRE will Host a Peer Review by the OECD/NEA Concerning Japan’s Efforts for Final Disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste

Japan has been conducting efforts for final disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Concerning the efforts, the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE) asked the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA), a group of experts knowledgeable about geological disposal overseas, to conduct a peer review from Tuesday, May 24, to Monday, May 30, 2016.

1. Outline

In May 2015, the Cabinet decided to adopt a new basic policy on final disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Aiming to conduct smooth research surveys for selecting final disposal sites, the policy requests that the government of Japan presents nationwide scientific screening for final disposal sites based on scientific research and evidence (scientifically preferable areas).

In addition, in December 2015, the Ministerial Meeting for Final Disposal determined a policy in which the government of Japan will proactively advance efforts for further fostering public understanding of this issue, and based on the understanding, it will aims to present the output of nationwide scientific screening in 2016 after creating an environment that allows for a calm reception by the public and area as the first step on the long road to the implementation of geological disposal. To this end, a council (Advisory Committee for Natural Resources and Energy) has been advancing discussion on requirements and criteria for nationwide scientific screening, possible processes for developing dialogue activities after having selected such areas, and other issues.

Considering the situation, ANRE has decided to host a peer review by the OECD/NEA, a group of experts knowledgeable about geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste, particularly focusing on the position of nationwide scientific screening as well as matters to consider in developing procedures for the disposal and discussion thereof, in light of their experience and knowledge of effective efforts by other countries in selecting final disposal sites.

Additionally, a summary report on the peer review, which the OECD/NEA will submit to Japan, will be released on ANRE website* and by other means at a later day.

2. Members of the team (see AppendixPDF(PDF:15KB)PDFfile)

The peer review team visiting Japan is to be selected by the OECD/NEA, and is basically to consist of: four external experts on geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste in crystalline rock and sedimentary rock and the selection of disposal sites; and two personnel from the OECD/NEA secretariat.

3. Schedule of the peer review

  • Tuesday, May 24: Visiting Tono Geoscience Center, Mizunami City, Gifu Prefecture
  • Wednesday, May 25: Peer review meeting (Japanese-side presentation and Q&A)
  • Thursday, May 26, to Sunday, May 29: Compiling a summary report by the OECD/NEA
  • Monday, May 30: Accepting the report by Japan, etc. (a final report of the peer review will be published on the OECD/NEA website between July and August 2016.)

* OECD/NEA released the results of the peer review on May 30. For details, see below. linkPDFfile

Release date

May 19, 2016

Division in Charge

Radioactive Waste Management Policy Division, Agency for Natural Resources and Energy

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8901, Japan Tel: +81-(0)3-3501-1511
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