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Summary of the Preliminary Report on the 2016 Basic Survey of Japanese Business Structure and Activities

The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) has been conducting a survey titled “METI Basic Survey of Japanese Business Structure and Activities” with the aim of clarifying how the management strategies of Japanese enterprises and industrial structures actually evolve, and also in order to obtain basic data to support administrative measures. The following is a summarized preliminary report of the 2016 survey (based on the actual results for FY2015).

Percentage points revealed through the survey, targeting 28,553 enterprises in total that have been categorized in target sectors for the survey, are as follows.

  • Sales per company decreased by 1.4% on a year-on-year basis, while operating profit per company increased by 4.5% on a year-on-year basis.
  • The number of part-time employees per company represented the record-high number since the survey began, while that of regular and full-time employees has almost reached the record-high number.
  • The ratio of companies with ownership of overseas subsidiaries increased by 0.3 percentage points on a year-on-year basis, while the number of overseas subsidiaries per company represented the record-high number since the survey began in FY2003.
  • Compared to the FY2007 survey figures before the collapse of Lehman Brothers, the figures in the 2016 survey showed significantly higher results in the number of companies with ownership of overseas subsidiaries in the manufacturing sector and, for the retail sector, in ordinary profits and the number of regular employees.

Summary of the results

  1. Sales and profit conditions (see Item 1, [i] - [iii] of Reference and Overview Diagram 1-3)
    1. Sales per company in FY2015 were 237.5 hundred million yen, down by 1.4% on a year-on-year basis. Looking at the major sectors on a year-on-year basis, such sales were 220.3 hundred million yen in the manufacturing sector, down by 0.9%, 373.7 hundred million yen in the wholesale sector, down by 2.7%, and 245.1 hundred million yen in the retail sector, up by 2.4%.
    2. Operating profit per company was 8.7 hundred million yen, up by 4.5% on a year-on-year basis. Looking at the major sectors on a year-on-year basis, such profit was 10.1 hundred million yen in the manufacturing sector, down by 2.5%, 5.4 hundred million yen in the wholesale sector, up by 7.4%, and 7.1 hundred million yen in the retail sector, up by 19.6%.
    3. Looking at companies categorized by industry in the manufacturing sector or the information communication sector, as for sales per company by business form (main business and subsidiary business), companies running information communication business as their main business showed an increase, while it was also found that many of those companies also running subsidiary business are involved in equipment-retail business or an electric-machinery wholesale trade.
  2. Employment conditions (see Item 2 of Reference and Overview Diagram 6-2)
    • The number of regular employees per company was 501, up by 2.5% on a year-on-year basis. Looking at the breakdown on a year-on-year basis, regular and full-time employees were 317, up by 1.6%, almost reaching the record-high number of 318 in FY2005, while part-time employees were 154, up by 4.1%, representing the record-high number since the survey began in FY2003.
  3. Company and regular employee conditions in terms of total payroll (Item 3, [i] and [ii] of Reference)
    1. Total payroll per company among the major industries on a year-on-year basis was 2,224.6 million yen in the manufacturing sector, up by 2.2%, 1,363.9 million yen in the wholesale sector, down by 0.2%, and 2,310.1 million yen in the retail sectors, up by 3.3%.
    2. Total payroll per employee among the major industries on a year-on-year basis was 5.42 million yen in the manufacturing sector, remaining the same as that in the previous year, 5.083 million yen in the wholesale sector, down by 0.2%, and 2.435 million yen in the retail sectors, down by 1.1%.
  4. Ownership of subsidiaries and affiliated companies (Item 4, [i] and [ii] of Reference)
    1. The ratios of companies with ownership of subsidiaries on a year-on-year basis were 37.3% for domestic subsidies, up by 0.3 percentage points, and 19.9% for overseas subsidies, up by 0.2 percentage points.
    2. The number of overseas subsidiaries per company was 7.8, representing a record-high number since the survey began in FY2003.
  5. Comparison with the reference value (100 in FY2007) before the collapse of Lehman Brothers (see Item 5 of Reference)
    • In FY2015, sales per company in the manufacturing sector were 87.6, showing a decrease from the reference value, while some categories showed an increase as follows: the number of companies with ownership of overseas subsidiaries (120.9), the number of regular employees (103.5), and total payroll (101.4).
    • In FY2015, the number of overseas subsidiaries per company in the retail sector was 96.6, showing a decrease from the reference value, while some categories showed an increase as follows: ordinary profits (158.3), the number of regular employees (127.7), total payroll (118.5), and sales (116.1).

Reference

Release date

January 19, 2017

Division in Charge

Enterprise Statistics Office, Research and Statistics Department, Minister’s Secretariat

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8901, Japan Tel: +81-(0)3-3501-1511
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