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Preliminary Report of the 2019 Census of Manufacture Compiled

February 28, 2020

The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) conducted the 2019 Census of Manufacture as of June 1, 2019. The census discovered that the total number of employees was 7,763,431 and the shipment value of manufactured products (*1) in 2018 was 331.3548 trillion yen (*2).

1. Targets of the census

The census aims to identify the number of employees and the shipment value of manufactured products, targeting establishments that [i] belong to the manufacturing industry in Japan, which are classified in Division E of the Japan Standard Industrial Classification, excluding head offices and other equivalents not involved in manufacturing or processing, and [ii] have four or more employees.

2. Outline of the results (targeting establishments with four or more employees)

(1) Overall condition

As of June 1, 2019, there were 184,839 establishments, the aggregation target in the census, while the number of employees was 7,763,431.

In 2018, the product shipment value, etc. of the establishments in the manufacturing industry was 331.3548 trillion yen, while value added (*3) was 104.1260 trillion yen.

(2) Conditions by sector

Looking at the number of establishments by sector in the manufacturing industry, the fabricated metal products sector had the highest (25,176 establishments), followed by the food production sector (24,409). As for changes in composition rates from the previous year, the fabricated metal products sector showed an increase of 0.1 percentage points, while the food production sector remained the same.

Looking at the number of employees by sector in the manufacturing industry, the food production sector had the highest (1,141,450 employees), followed by the transportation equipment sector (1,091,714). As for changes in composition rates from the previous year, the food production sector showed a decrease of 0.1 percentage points, while the transportation equipment sector remained the same.

Looking at the product shipment value, etc. of the establishments in the manufacturing industry, the transportation equipment sector had the highest (70.0157 trillion yen), followed by the chemical and allied products sector (29.7802 trillion yen). As for changes in composition rates from the previous year, the transportation equipment sector showed a decrease of 0.3 percentage points, while the chemical and allied products sector remained the same.

Meanwhile, looking at the value added by sector in the manufacturing industry, the transportation equipment sector had the highest value (18.3131 trillion yen), followed by the chemical and allied products sector (11.5209 trillion yen). As for changes in composition rates from the previous year, the transportation equipment sector showed a decrease of 0.5 percentage points, while the chemical and allied products sector remained the same.

*Notes:

  1. Product shipment value, etc. = product shipment + shipment of metal scrap and waste in the manufacturing processes + income involving processing fees + other income (in terms of values, respectively)
  2. This aggregated data is preliminary, and it may be different from aggregated results in the revised report, which will be released at a later date.
  3. Added value = product shipment, etc. + (product inventory at the end of the target year - product inventory in the beginning of the target year) + (price of semi-finished and partly finished products at the end of the target year - price of semi-finished and partly finished products in the beginning of the target year) - (estimated liquor tax, tobacco tax, gasoline tax and municipal gasoline tax + estimated consumption tax) - price of materials used, etc. - amount of depreciation (in terms of values, respectively)

Note: The added value includes gross added value regarding establishments with 4 to 29 employees.

3. Future schedule of releasing the revised report

MIC and METI will release a summarized table of the industry-based census, in which major items of the census are aggregated, by May 2020. Following this, they will release a table of the industry-based census, a table of the product item-based census and a table of the region-based census in a sequential manner.

4. Announcement of the website

For data on the results of the census, visit the following website and access downloadable data.

Division in Charge

Structural Statistics Office, Research and Statistics Department, Minister’s Secretariat

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