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  5. Results of Survey on the Current State of the Sharing Economy and Other Data Compiled

Results of Survey on the Current State of the Sharing Economy and Other Data Compiled

March 27, 2020

The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) conducted the FY2019 Survey on the Current State of the Sharing Economy and also estimated the market scale of private accommodation services by making use of existing statistics and other data. As a result of the survey and estimate, the amount of annual trade value in sharing economy-based services in Japan in 2018* was estimated to be from 1.5226 trillion yen to 1.6008 trillion yen.

1. Outline of the survey and estimate

METI conducted the Survey on the Current State of the Sharing Economy, concerning data as of September 1, 2019, aiming to uncover the market scale and other facts of the sharing economy and obtain basic data on which METI will hold discussions on the impact of the economic activities brought about by the sharing economy as well as on other related issues.

Moreover, as one of the services involving the sharing economy, METI estimated the market scale of so-called “Minpaku” or private accommodation services by making use of existing administrative records, information and other statistics separately from the abovementioned census survey since METI considered such existing statistics to be applicable to such services.

2. Outline of the results

As a result of aggregation and estimation, the amount of annual trade value in sharing economy-based services in Japan in 2018* was estimated to be from 1.5226 trillion yen to 1.6008 trillion yen.

Looking at the amount by type of services, services involving sharing of goods marked the highest at 1.4367 trillion yen, followed by private accommodation services at values from 67.8 billion yen to 146.0 billion yen, services involving sharing of skills, etc. at 18.0 billion yen and services involving sharing of places, except private accommodation services, at 100 million yen.

*Note: This amount represents the total amount of value paid by users to services providers and platform providers.

Item Total  
Goods Places Skills, etc.
Private accommodation services Services other than private accommodation services
Amount of annual trade value (unit: 100 million yen) From 15,226 to 16,008 14,367 From 678 to 1,460 1 180
 

As for the year-on-year growth rate of the services above, private accommodation services were estimated to be between 103.0% and 910.0% in 2018.

 
  2017 2018
Amount of annual trade value (unit: 100 million yen) Amount of annual trade value (unit: 100 million yen) Year-on-year basis
Total 719 1,460 103.0%
  Household accommodation services as a breakdown of the total 250
  Private accommodation services in special areas as a breakdown of the total 67 428 538.4%
  Private accommodation services for addressing events as a breakdown of the total 0 0 55.7%
  Common lodging houses as a breakdown of the total 652 782 19.9%
Total excluding common lodging houses 67 678 910.0%
Notes:
1. In this statistic table, the dash mark “–” refers to no figures concerned and the figure “zero (0)” represents a figure less than a unit as a result of rounding.s2. As for private accommodation services for addressing events, the amount of annual trade value in 2017 was 10 million yen and that in 2018 was 16 million yen.

Related information

Division in Charge

Structural Statistics Office, Research and Statistics Department, Minister’s Secretariat