July 10, 2020
Aiming to encourage the public to use electrified vehicles (xEVs)* in disaster situations as mobile power sources, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), in collaboration with the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), hereby publishes a “Manual for Promoting Use of Electrified Vehicles in Disaster Situations” and it will strive to raise public awareness of xEVs’ functions for supplying electricity to outside facilities, points to note in supplying electricity by xEVs and other key points.
1. Background to the publication
Typhoons, earthquakes and other disasters may cause blackouts across wide areas. In such situations, xEVs are available as “mobile power sources” to supply electricity to safe shelters and other facilities.
In the past, when Typhoon No. 15 hit Eastern Japan in 2019 and caused blackouts in Chiba Prefecture, automobile manufacturers dispatched xEVs to affected areas and deployed activities taking advantage of xEV functions for supplying electricity to outside facilities. Specifically, xEVs were used for supplying electricity to charge cell phones and secure lights at safe shelters and supplying electricity at households with infants or elderly persons or to nursing homes.
However, there is a challenge that some owners of xEVs are not aware of xEVs’ functions for supplying electricity in emergency situations. To overcome this, in July 2019, METI inaugurated a Council for Electrified Vehicle Society (CEVS), a body consisting of automobile manufacturers, energy-related companies, user companies of xEVs and other organizations as members, and the CEVS held discussions on use of xEVs in disaster situations.
Based on the discussion results, METI, in collaboration with MLIT, prepared a “Manual for Promoting Use of Electrified Vehicles in Disaster Situations.” This manual compiles xEVs’ functions for supplying electricity to outside facilities, points to note in supplying electricity by xEVs and other key points as a reference for users of xEVs and municipalities that intend to make use of xEVs.
*Note: Electrified vehicles (xEVs) include: battery electric vehicles (BEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs).
For the main text of the “Manual for Promoting Use of Electrified Vehicles in Disaster Situations,” visit the website below.
2. Future actions
METI, in collaboration with MLIT, will raise awareness of how to use xEVs in disaster situations among municipalities and other organizations by making use of the manual.
3. Links to related information
- 1. Announcement to Users of Vehicles Affected by Floods or Water Immersion (MLIT press release) (in Japanese)
- 2. Electricity Outlets for xEVs and Other Electric Vehicles are Available as Power Sources in Disaster and other Emergency Situations (MLIT press release) (in Japanese)
- 3. METI’s Draft Action Plan Promoting Use of Electrified Vehicles (xEVs) in Disaster Situations (METI press release)
If your electrified vehicle is affected by a flood or water immersion, do not attempt to use it due to risk of electrical shock or fire.
Division in Charge
Automobile Division, Manufacturing Industries Bureau