November 18, 2020
1. Highlights of the preliminary report
(1) Trends in energy demand
- Overall final energy consumption decreased by 2.0% year-on-year, of which consumption decreased by: 2.5% in oil, 2.0% in coal, 1.9% in electricity and 0.1% in city gas.
- The households sector showed a decrease in energy consumption year-on-year due to the impact of the warmer winter. The business sector showed a decrease in such consumption due to a decrease in production volume in the iron and steel and chemical engineering sectors.
- A breakdown by sector on a year-on-year basis shows that final energy consumption decreased in the business sector by 2.3% (of which consumption decreased by 1.9% in the manufacturing sector), decreased in the transportation sector by 1.8% and decreased in the household sector by 1.0%, showing a decrease in all major sectors.
- Electricity consumption decreased in the household sector by 4.1% and the business sector by 1.1% on a year-on-year basis.
(2) Trends in energy supply
- Overall domestic supply of primary energy decreased by 3.1% on a year-on-year basis. Supply of fossil fuels has been decreasing for six consecutive years, while that of non-fossil energy, such as renewables and nuclear energy, has been increasing for seven consecutive years.
- Renewable energy sector (including unused energy) is the only sector that showed an increase on a year-on-year basis. Supply of photovoltaic and biomass energy, lead the renewable energy sector, which showed an increase by 1.7%. Meanwhile, supply of fossil fuels decreased by 3.8% year-on-year due to a decrease in consumption of oil in the business sector and that of coal in the manufacturing sector as well as a decrease in such supply for power generation. The share of fossil fuels decreased to 85%, the lowest level since the Great East Japan Earthquake.
- The amount of generated electric power decreased by 2.2% on a year-on-year basis (1.0277 trillion kWh), while the ratio of non-fossil sources was 24.2%, up by 1.2 percentage points (%p) on a year-on-year basis.
- The fuel breakdown of generated electric power shows that renewable energy was 18.0%, up by 1.2%p, nuclear energy was 6.2%, remaining the same, and thermal power (excluding biomass) was 75.8%, down by 1.2%p on a year-on-year basis, respectively.
- The energy self-sufficiency rate was 12.1%, up by 0.5 % year-on-year (based on the IEA data).
(3) Trends in carbon dioxide emissions
- Energy-oriented carbon dioxide emissions decreased by 3.4% on a year-on-year basis at 1.03 billion tons, showing a decrease for six consecutive years and a decrease by 16.7% from FY2013.
- The basic unit of carbon dioxide emissions for electricity (consumer side) improved by 2.6% year-on-year to 0.47kg-CO2/kWh.
- Carbon dioxide emissions increased for four consecutive years until FY2013 due to the impact of the shutting down of nuclear power plants after the Great East Japan Earthquake. However, after this increase, the emissions are now on a decreasing trend due to the decrease in demand and the advancement in low-carbon electricity, etc. backed by the dissemination of renewable energy, the restart of nuclear power plants, and other factors.
- Looking at a breakdown by sector, a decrease is seen in the business sector by 3.6%, the household sector by 4.3%, and the transportation sector by 1.8% on a year-on-year basis, respectively.
2. Statistics table available on the website
The Table of the FY2019 Comprehensive Energy Statistics (Preliminary Report) in editable Excel format is available on the ANRE website (in Japanese) for your reference.
- FY2019 Energy Supply and Demand Report (Preliminary Report) Reference Material (in Japanese)(PDF:568KB)
Division in Charge
Energy Strategy Office, Policy Planning and Coordination Division, Commissioner’s Secretariat, Agency for Natural Resources and Energy