April 13, 2021
The Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE) has prepared the Revised Report on the FY2019 Comprehensive Energy Statistics based on the results of studies, including a variety of energy-related statistics. The purpose of the report is to describe Japan's energy supply and demand situation.
1. Highlights of the revised report
(1) Trends in energy demand
- Overall final energy consumption decreased by 2.1% year-on-year; of this, consumption decreased by 2.5% in oil, 2.1% in coal, 1.9% in electricity, and 0.2% in city gas.
- The household sector shows a decrease on a year-on-year basis, due to the impact of the colder summer, warmer winter, and other factors. Final energy consumption by the business sector shows a decrease due to factors including the decline in production activities in many manufacturing industries, including steel, chemical, and machinery manufacturing.
- A breakdown by sector on a year-on-year basis shows that final energy consumption decreased in the business sector by 2.5% (of this, consumption decreased by 2.8% in the manufacturing sector, and by 1.5% in other areas of the business sector). It also decreased by 2.0% in the transportation sector and 0.8% in the household sector, representing a decrease in all major sectors.
- In terms of electricity consumption on a year-on-year basis, the household sector shows a decrease by 3.8% and the business sector also shows a decrease, by 1.3%.
(2) Trends in energy supply
- Overall domestic supply of primary energy decreased by 3.0% on a year-on-year basis. Supply of fossil fuels decreased by 3.8% on a year-on-year basis, showing a decrease for six consecutive years. Supply of non-fossil energy increased by 1.3% on a year-on-year basis, showing an increase for seven consecutive years.
- In terms of fossil fuels, natural gas and city gas decreased by 5.1% on a year-on-year basis, oil by 4.2%, and coal by 2.0%. This was due to their declining use in power generation and final energy consumption. The share of fossil fuels fell to 85%, the smallest since the Great East Japan Earthquake. Nuclear power showed a 3.0% decrease, its first decrease in five years. On the other hand, renewable energy (excluding hydroelectric power) increased by 7.7%, driven by solar and biomass power generation.
- The amount of generated electricity decreased by 2.5% on a year-on-year basis (1.0247 trillion kWh), and the ratio of non-fossil sources is 24.3%, up by 1.3 percentage points (%p) on a year-on-year basis.
- The fuel breakdown of generated electricity shows that renewable energy is 18.1%, up by 1.2%p, nuclear energy is 6.2%, remaining flat, and thermal power (excluding biomass) is 75.7%, down by 1.3%p on a year-on-year basis.
- The energy self-sufficiency ratio is 12.1%, up by 0.4%p on a year-on-year basis (based on IEA data).
(3) Trends in CO2 emissions
- Energy-derived CO2 emissions decreased by 3.4% on a year-on-year basis at 1.03 billion tons, showing a decrease for six consecutive years, and a decrease by 16.7% from FY2013.
- The basic unit of CO2 emissions for electricity (at the consumers' end) has improved by 2.7% year-on-year to 0.47 kg-CO2/kWh.
- CO2 increased for four consecutive years until FY2013 due to the impact of the shutting down of nuclear power plants after the Great East Japan Earthquake. However, after this increase, the emissions are now on a decreasing trend due to a decrease in demand coupled with an increase in low-carbon electricity resulting from the spread of renewable energy and the restarting of nuclear power plants, and other factors.
- Looking at a breakdown of decreases by sector, the figures are 3.7% for the business sector, 4.2% for the household sector, and 2.1% for the transportation sector on a year-on-year basis.
2. Statistics table available on the following website
The Table of the FY2019 Comprehensive Energy Statistics (Revised Report) in editable Excel format is available on the ANRE website for your reference.
Division in Charge
Energy Strategy Office, Policy Planning and Coordination Division, Commissioner's Secretariat, Agency for Natural Resources and Energy