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- Results of the 2021 Economic Census for Business Activity Compiled: Aggregates by Industry for Manufacturing, Mining and Quarrying of Stone and Gravel, and Cross-Industry Aggregates for a Breakdown of Construction and Service Revenue
Results of the 2021 Economic Census for Business Activity Compiled: Aggregates by Industry for Manufacturing, Mining and Quarrying of Stone and Gravel, and Cross-Industry Aggregates for a Breakdown of Construction and Service Revenue
December 26, 2022
Joint Press Release with the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
On June 1, 2021, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) conducted the Economic Census for Business Activity, a statistical survey of all establishments and businesses in Japan, with the aim of comprehensively ascertaining accounting matters such as the sales (revenue) and costs of all Japan's industry sectors at the same point in time. METI has now compiled the results of the aggregates by industry and cross-industry aggregates.
The results of this survey are expected to be used in a variety of ways in the future as important basic data for clearly seeing the actual conditions of each of Japan's industries.
1. The Economic Census for Business Activity
The Economic Census for Business Activity is a survey of all establishments and businesses in Japan conducted with the aim of clarifying both nationwide and region-by-region the situation of economic activity in establishments and businesses in all industries and fields in Japan and obtaining information on the population that will contribute to improving the accuracy of each statistical survey. This year marks its third time (the first and second having been in 2012 and 2016, respectively).
2. Summary of the survey results
(1) Results for manufacturing industries aggregates by industry (aggregates relating to establishments)
A summary report was released in September containing aggregates only for establishments with four or more employees. Now, more detailed aggregate results have been compiled including values of manufactured goods by industry and shipments by item for all establishments, including those with one to three employees.
Of the value of manufactured goods in 2020, looking at the shipments by item, the highest rankings are accounted for as follows. For transportation machinery: normal passenger cars (those with a cylinder capacity of over 2000 ml; including chassis) (10.6431 trillion yen), other automotive parts (including parts for two-wheeled vehicles) (5.2767 trillion yen), light and compact passenger cars (those with a cylinder capacity of 2000 ml or less; including chassis) (5.1333 trillion yen), and driving, conduction, and control equipment and parts (4.5838 trillion yen). For chemical products: pharmaceutical formulations (including quasi-drug formulations) (7.2104 trillion yen). For oil and coal products: gasoline (4.1638 trillion yen).
(2) Results for mining and quarrying of stone and gravel aggregates by industry (aggregates of establishments)
Production value in 2020 was 599.9 billion yen. Looking at the industry subcategories, quarrying and sand, gravel, and boulder mining was the highest at 269.4 billion yen (accounted for 44.9% of mining and quarrying of stone and gravel), followed by mineral mining for ceramics with 136.2 billion yen (22.7%).
(3) Results for cross-industry aggregates for the breakdown of construction and service revenues1
Looking at construction and service revenues by category, construction had a revenue of 112.6175 trillion yen; electricity, gas, heat supply, and water supply was 35.1294 trillion yen; telecommunications2 was 31.1230 trillion yen; transportation and mailing was 59.8352 trillion yen; and education and learning support (school education) was 13.5370 trillion yen.
Looking at percentages of broadly classified industries accounted for by construction and service revenues, the comprehensive construction industry had the highest percentage for the construction category (63.5% of the category), the electricity industry had the highest percentage for electricity, gas, heat supply, and water supply (86.8%), communication had the highest percentage for telecommunications2 (64.0%), and road freight transport had the highest percentage for transportation and mailing (44.8%).
In addition, looking at percentages of industry sub-categories accounted for by construction and service revenues, higher education had the highest percentage (76%) in education and learning support (school education).
Note 1: Aggregates for businesses include construction; electricity, gas, heat supply, and water supply; communication, broadcasting, visual, audio, and printed information production; transportation and mailing; and school education.
Note 2: Communication; broadcasting; and visual, audio, and printed information production.
3. Plans for future releases
METI plans to release aggregated results by industry in March 2023 for wholesale and retail (aggregates of establishments, and aggregates of businesses) and service industries (aggregates of establishments), and a breakdown of construction and service revenues.3
Note 3: The aggregates for businesses include aggregates for all industries.
In addition, METI plans to release the following cross-industry aggregated results in June 2023.
Aggregates of establishments: Numbers of establishments and employees and sales (revenue) value for all industries
Aggregates of businesses: Numbers of businesses and employees and accounting matters for all industries.
4. Information on the census websiteThe summary of results and statistical tables (Excel format) presenting the results of the survey and future release schedule can be downloaded from this website.
Division in Charge
Structural Statistics Office, Research and Statistics Department, Minister's Secretariat