Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
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Specific Measures

Specific Measures regarding the Management of Chemical Substances

Pursuant to the policy for the management of chemical substances (Chemical Management Policy), the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has established the following measures:

Establishment of Laws and Regulations Based on International Chemical Management Surveys

Act on the Evaluation of Chemical Substances and Regulation of Their Manufacture, etc.
To prevent the adverse impact on humans and ecosystems of environmental pollution caused by the release of chemical substances into the atmosphere, the government of Japan has established a series of laws regulating the manufacture, import, use and disposal of harmful chemical substances. In addition, the government has set up a system to evaluate the toxicity levels of newly manufactured and imported chemical substances before they are allowed to enter the domestic market.

Act on Confirmation, etc. of Release Amounts of Specific Chemical Substances in the Environment and Promotion of Improvements to the Management Thereof
( Law concerning Pollutant Release and Transfer Register / PRTR (PDF:91KB) PDF File )
With a view to promoting the enhanced self management of chemical substances by business operators and to prevent damage to the natural environment, the government of Japan requires that all related business operators are fully acquainted with the relevant laws and regulations, and submit detailed reports regarding the disposal of chemical substances into the environment and the types and amounts of transferred chemical substances. The government of Japan then collates the submitted data and makes the results of its findings publicly available. In addition, business operators who deal in certain specified chemical substances are required to submit reports on the properties of the substances and how these substances were handled.

Ozone Layer Protection Law (PDF:7,109KB) PDF File, (ZIP:6,744KB) other_file
Cooperating with international efforts to protect the ozone layer, and based on the relevant international framework (The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer), the government of Japan is promoting the control of production and prevention of emissions of substances which deplete the ozone layer.

Fluorocarbons Recovery and Destruction Law : Pamphlet p11-p12 (PDF:7,109KB) PDF File, (ZIP:6,744KB) other_file
Exhibition panel p7(PDF:1,306KB) PDF File
Brochure p49-p50(PDF:10,791KB) PDF File , (ZIP:9,947KB) other_file
To prevent the depletion of the ozone layer and global warming due to the emission of fluorocarbons, the government of Japan requires business operators who use refrigeration and freezer devices in their business operations to recover all fluorocarbons produced in these devices and dispose of these fluorocarbons in an appropriate manner.

Act on Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and control of Specific Chemicals
Pursuant to the international treaty regarding the prohibition of chemical weapons (Chemical Weapons Convention), the government of Japan prohibits the manufacture of all chemical weapons. In addition, regulations on the manufacture and use of specific materials that may be used in chemical weapons have been established, and these include investigations of any premises handling these materials.

Active participation in international efforts regarding the management of chemical substances

Chemical substances migrate on a global scale, and as there are limits on the controls individual countries can put in place, it is vital that the international community exerts its utmost efforts toward the effective management of chemical substances. Accordingly, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry is actively participating in a program allotted to OECD member countries in a variety of areas of chemical assessment and chemical management. Relevant Japanese government ministries are also working closely together to ensure implementation of a number of international treaties that Japan has concluded. These treaties include the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), which seeks to protect human health and the environment from chemical substances that remain intact in the environment for long periods, the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade and the Minamata Convention on Mercury, which aims to protect human health and the environment from anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds by comprehensive measures for regulating life cycle of mercury.
●Asian Sustainable Chemical Safety Plan
Japan has strengthened the cooperation with ASEAN countries for supporting them to achieve the WSSD 2020 goal through Asian Sustainable Chemicals Safety Plan. This plan, proposed by Japan at the ASEAN - Japan Summit Meeting of October 2010, aims to improve chemical management system in Asian countries with science-based risk assessment and risk management.
●ASEAN-JAPAN Chemical Safety Database (AJCSD)
As a part of this plan, Japan has contributed to developing the ASEAN-Japan Chemical Safety Database (AJCSD) under AMEICC Working Group on Chemical Industry which consists of representatives from ASEAN countries and JAPAN.The AJCSD is a free chemical database and contains chemical regulatory information of member countries and more information such as GHS classification results and sample SDSs, which is useful and practical for both government and industry to implement and improve their chemical management. Trial operation of the AJCSD was started in April 2015 and its full operation has been available on the following website since April 2016. .
Links: ASEAN-Japan Chemical Safety Database (AJCSD)
Brochure in English

Garnering expert scientific opinion regarding the risks of chemical substances

It is essential that the appropriate management of chemical substances be based on expert scientific opinion regarding the toxicity and risk levels of chemical substances. Accordingly, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry is garnering and evaluating expert scientific opinion regarding the toxicity and risks of chemical substances through surveys and research programs that study the dispersion of chemical substances into the natural environment, and the accumulative and carcinogenic properties when ingested by the bodies of humans and other living organisms.

In addition, a new program for the comprehensive evaluation and management of chemical substances has been established to further ascertain the toxicity and risk levels of chemical substances. This program includes the setting up of a system that predicts the dispersive properties and accumulative biological properties of chemical substances from the process of manufacture through to their release into the natural environment, and a model to predict the concentration levels of chemical substances released into the atmosphere and into rivers and other waterways. The program seeks to organize the expert scientific opinion regarding the toxicity and risk levels of chemical substances, and the evaluation of risks into an easy-to-understand format, and publish its findings on a publicly accessible website.

Last updated:2014-11-11
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8901, Japan Tel: +81-(0)3-3501-1511
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