Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
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Recycling Policy
Act on Recycling of Specified Home Appliances
Effective date : April 2001 (promulgated in June 1998)
Outline of the Law
  The act provides for a collection and recycling (See:Note.1) system for waste of used home appliances in which retailers of home appliances take charge of collecting and manufacturers of them take charge of recycling collected appliances.

(1) Home appliances specified by cabinet order

  • Air conditioners
  • Television sets (CRT-types, plasma display panel types and liquid crystal display types)
  • Refrigerators and freezers
  • Washing machines and drying machines

Home Appliance Recycling Law

(2) Responsibilities of parties concerned

(2-1) Consumers
  (Those who use home appliances shall pay for recycling costs.)

  • Appropriate disposal
  • Payment of costs for collection and recycling

(2-2) Home appliance retailers
  (Those who sell specified home appliances shall collect and transport them.)

  • Taking back and collect waste of home appliances at the request of consumers, which they have sold once or which are replaced by new ones they sold,
  • Proper delivering of collected used home appliances to the manufacturers and importers
  • Issuing home appliance recycling coupons (See:Note.2) to manufacturers and the designated body and giving copies to dischargers
  • Displaying the charge of collecting and transporting which are paid by dischargers in shop windows

(2-3) Home appliance manufacturers (including importers)
  (Those who manufacture or import home appliances shall recycle them.)

  • Taking back home appliances, which they have manufactured or imported, from retailers
  • Recycling these home appliances
  • Publishing the fees for recycling these home appliances

(2-4) Designated company (which is designated by minister in charge for operating specific business on recycling of home appliances)

  • Recycling waste of home appliances whose manufacturers are unknown or those entrusted by specific manufacturers
    whose production volume is less than 900,000 units for air conditioners, 900,000 units for television sets, 450,000 units for refrigerators, and 450,000 units for washing machines
  • Note.1: Recycling
      "Recycling" in the act means dismantling used home appliances and separating parts and materials from them as parts or raw materials for new products or for transferred, with or without charge, to those who will reuse them. "Recycling" includes thermal recovery or using waste as fuel, not only material recycling though the act currently prefers material recycling and requires manufacturers to satisfy the standard of recycling rates* only in terms of recycling of waste as parts or raw materials of new products.

    * Recycling rate =      Weight of materials recycled      
    Weight of units treated for recycling

    Standards of recycling rates are provided as below
     Air conditioners - 80%
     Television sets
       - CRT-types - 55%
       - Plasma display panel types and
          Liquid crystal display types - 74%
     Refrigerators and freezers - 70%
     Washing machines and drying machines - 82%
  • Note.2: Home appliance recycling coupon
      This coupon system assure proper collecting and recycling of waste of home appliances. The Act requires a coupon to be issued at each set of waste of home appliance and on which information of parties concerned is to be written. Currently Association for Electric Home Appliances operates system which is convenient for paying and collecting recycling fees. Recycling fees may be paid and collected via retailers or by postal transfer.
3R Policies
- Law for the Promotion of Effective Utilization of Resources
- Containers and Packaging Recycling Law
- Act on Recycling of Specified Home Appliances
- End-of-Life Vehicle Recycling Law
Industrial Structure Council
White Papers and Other Report
Information materials
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Last Update: March 3, 2021
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
1-3-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8901, Japan Tel: +81-(0)3-3501-1511
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