Trade Control


1. Purpose of the Policy

The Trade Control Policy is implemented for the purpose of enabling proper development of foreign trade, and maintaining peace and safety in Japan as well as in the international community by exercising the minimum necessary control or coordination measures over free trade, while quickly and accurately taking into consideration regulation needs in internal and external policies pertaining to border control and consistency with internal conditions and appropriate measures regarding collateral, and establishing a proper trade control system.

2. Overview/Background of the Policy

It is a general rule that international trade should be free, but when taking into consideration national security, the safety and security of thepeople, and the environment, it is necessary to exercise the minimum necessary control and coordination measures at the border.
There has been, in particular, increasing concern regarding the development, usage, and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) by international terrorist organizations since the 9.11 attacks in 2001. Furthermore, in view of increasing international awareness over environmental issues, it is necessary for Japan to continue ongoing appropriate measures in trade control.
There is also an increasing need for trade remedy measures in the United States, Europe and Asia. Japan also needs to appropriately execute its trade control policy in adherence with international rules with regard to unfair trade by other countries such as export dumping, and as FTA/EPA negotiations accelerate, there are increasing calls for the formulation and implementation of a system to issue certificates of origin.

In order to handle such issues, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry exercises the following policies.

(1) Trade Control based on the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law

Exercise of proper trade control by way of appropriate implementation of measures that are in compliance with the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law, such as screening for import/export permission and approval, and on-site inspection and disposal of illegal exports. Policy also undergoes continuous updates.
Furthermore, Japan actively exchanges information with other countries, and collects information concerning the situation of circumventing exports to countries of concern and relevant sensitive technology that may be targeted for circumventing export , in order to increase effectiveness in trade control.
Japan also acknowledges the importance in cooperating with other countries in introducing an export control systems, and is conducting outreach activities for government officials and industries in Asian countries to increase awareness. And the Government also reviews the export control system and items of export control in accordance with other countries, by participating in the international export control regimes.

(2) Appropriate Implementation of Trade Remedies

The Government prevents unfair damage to its industry and maintains a fair trade environment by appropriately exercising trade remedy measures in compliance with WTO Agreements and the Customs Tariff Act. It also researches and analyzes laws, guidelines, specific cases, and duty imposition processes.

(3) Appropriate Maintenance of Internal Rules pertaining to Certificates of Origin

The Government adjusts and thoroughly establishes internal procedures in issuing certificates of origin.

Press Releases and Related Information

Act Amendment


End User List


*NOTE: For further details about the review of Japan’s Foreign Direct Investment Control System, please see Ministry of Finance’s website 外部リンク. (updated November25)



Contact Point

Trade Control Policy Division, Trade and Economic Cooperation Bureau
For inquiries regarding issues other than Security Export Control
 + 81 3-3501-0538

Security Export Control Policy Division, Trade and Economic Cooperation Bureau
For inquiries regarding Security Export Control issues
 + 81 3-3501-2800

Related Information

Last updated:2018-05-02